Friday, 8 June 2012


Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar can affect many peopple.This deases is an abnormally diminished content of glucoze in the blood.Low blood sugar can produce a variety of symptoms ans effect inadequete supply of glucoze to your brain resulting an impairment function .

People wich dont have health problems can complain of symptoms suggestive of low blood sugar,hypoglicemia usually occur in people treated from diabetes.

The most common forms of hypoglycemia occur as a complication of treatment of diabetes diabetes mellitius,with insulin or oral medicamentation.

Hypoglicemia can occur at any persons in diferents age even is not a diabetic person.Causes of hypoglycemia are insulin production tumors and certain medicamentation.

Children's low blood sugar level are ofenly slightly lower tha adults.Overnight fasting glucose levels are below 70 mg/dL (3.9 mM) in 5% of healthy adults, but up to 5% of children can be below 60 mg/dL (3.3mM)

Saturday, 24 December 2011


Now we are in winter season in this period your level of A1CS increase .By Veterans health  Administrations  which have studied the glucose of 800 prospects with diabetes.The conclusion of this research is that people with diabetes are afected by the climate and the season.

Beaside this other factors can afect your A1CS such your age,sex,and severity of diabetes.
The people who experienced the most fluctuation in terms of their A1C levels were those who lived in what the researchers called "intermediate" climates- places where winter temperatures ranged from 32° F to 40° F.
Statisticlly the people who live in the cold area where temperatures range from 5 f to 32 F reported less fluctuation to their level of A1cs.The researchers of this project did not understand why people of diabetes wasn't affected .The conclusion of this researchers said the people who leave in the cold areas don't go outside much in the winter.

Tuesday, 6 December 2011


It is important to know the early signs of hyperglycemia. If hyperglycemia is left untreated, it may develop into an emergency condition called ketoacidosis (if you have type 1 diabetes) or HHNS (if you have type 2 diabetes).

Early signs of hyperglycemia in diabetes include:
  • increased thrist
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Blurred vision
  • frequent urination
  • Fatigue(weak,tired feeling)
  • Weight loss
  • Blood glucoze more than 180 mg/dl
  • Vaginal and skin infection
  • Slow healing cuts and sores
  • Decresead vizion
  • Nerve damage causing paniful cold or insesitive feet ,loss of hair on lower extremities
  • Stomach and intestinal problems such as chronic constipation or diarrhea 

Monday, 28 November 2011


Hypoglycemia is the clinical syndrome that results from low blood sugar. The symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from person to person, as can the severity. Classically, hypoglycemia is diagnosed by a low blood sugar with symptoms that resolve when the sugar level returns to the normal range.

While patients who do not have any metabolic problems can complain of symptoms suggestive of low blood sugar, true hypoglycemia usually occurs in patients being treated for diabetes (type 1 and type 2). Patients with pre-diabetes who have insulin resistance can also have low blood sugars on occasion if their high circulating insulin levels are further challenged by a prolonged period of fasting. There are other rare causes for hypoglycemia, such as insulin producing tumors (insulinomas) and certain medications. These uncommon causes of hypoglycemia will not be discussed in this article, which will primarily focus on the hypoglycemia occurring with diabetes mellitus and its treatment.

Despite our advances in the treatment of diabetes, hypoglycemic episodes are often the limiting factor in achieving optimal blood sugar control. In large scale studies looking at tight control in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, low blood sugars occurred more often in the patients who were managed most intensively. This is important for patients and physicians to recognize, especially as the goal for treating patients with diabetes become tighter blood sugar control.

Wednesday, 23 November 2011


High levels of glucose autooxidize-that is, start a chain reaction that produces large amounts of free radicals and "advanced glycation products," both of which damage the body. Free radicals stimulate inflammatory responses and, in this way, people with diabetes develop high levels of inflammation. This situation has been well documented in several studies that have found sharp elevations of CRP (C-reactive protein) and interleukin-6 in people with diabetes. Because of the ability of inflammatory cytokines to stimulate one another, people with diabetes typically have a strong undercurrent of inflammation, which increases the risk of other diseases, such as heart disease.

Nutrients That Can Help

Many supplements can lessen the inflammation in diabetes, but in this case, supplements can be like bailing water in a sinking boat. It is essential that the underlying diet be corrected.

That said, a key objective of supplementation should be to lower glucose levels and improve insulin function, which should in turn reduce inflammation.

A lack of chromium results in diabetes-like symptoms. Not surprising, therefore, supplements of chromium have been shown to improve insulin function and lower glucose levels.

Vitamins E and C improve glucose tolerance and have the added benefit of lowering levels of CRP and interleukin-6. The effect of these vitamins on easing diabetic complications may be greater than their glucose-lowering properties.

The omega-3 fatty acids forms the building blocks of many of the body's natural anti-inflammatory compounds. Fish oil supplements, which are typically produced from salmon oil, are especially rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Although both fatty acids are essential for health, EPA plays a more important role in the body's defenses against inflammation.

Fish oils actually help rebuild articular (joint) cartilage. Bruce Caterson, Ph.D., of Cardiff University, Wales, led a team of molecular biologists who discovered specifically why fish oils reduce inflammation and inhibit the breakdown of cartilage, one of the characteristics of osteoarthritis.

Wednesday, 16 November 2011


Researchers don't fully understand why some children develop type 2 diabetes and others don't, even if they have similar risk factors. It's clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:

* Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes in children. The more fatty tissue a child has, the more resistant his or her cells become to insulin. However, weight isn't the only factor in developing type 2 diabetes. Some children with type 2 diabetes are normal weight.
* Inactivity. The less active your child is, the greater his or her risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his or her weight, uses glucose as energy, and makes your child's cells more responsive to insulin.
* Family history. The risk of type 2 diabetes significantly increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes — but it's difficult to tell if this is related to lifestyle, genetics or both.
* Race. Although it's unclear why, children of certain races — especially blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, and Pacific Islanders — are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
* Sex. Type 2 diabetes is more common in girls than in boys during childhood.

Thursday, 10 November 2011


* More than 11 million women in the US have diabetes.
* Women in minority racial and ethnic groups are the hardest hit by type 2 diabetes; the prevalence is two to four times higher among black, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian-Pacific Islander women than among white women. Because minority populations are expected to grow at a faster rate than the U.S. population as a whole, the number of women in these groups who are diagnosed with diabetes will increase significantly in the coming years.
* Diabetes is a more common cause of coronary heart disease among women than men.
* Among people with diabetes, the prognosis of heart disease is worse for women than for men; women have poorer quality of life and lower survival rates than men do.
* The link between diabetes and obesity is striking. Nearly half (47%) the women with diabetes have a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 compared with 25% of all women.

Adolescent Years (10-17 Years)

* About 86,192 females younger than 20 years old have type 1 diabetes; 92% are white, 4% are black, and 4% are Hispanic or Asian American.
* Eating disorders may be higher among young women with type 1 diabetes than among young women in the general population.
* There is an apparent increase in the number of youth of all racial and ethnic groups being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and it appears to be more common among girls than boys.
* By age 20 years, 40%-60% of people with type 1 diabetes have evidence of retinopathy, or diabetic eye disease. Untreated retinopathy can lead to blindness. The risk for developing proliferative retinopathy—the most severe form—is higher for girls than for boys (in at least one study).

Reproductive Years (18-44 Years)

* An estimated 1.3 million women of reproductive age have diabetes; about 500,000 of them do not know they have the disease.
* Type 2 diabetes accounts for most diabetes cases during this life stage. Most women with type 1 diabetes were diagnosed during childhood or adolescence.
* Women of minority racial and ethnic groups are two to four times more likely than non-Hispanic white women to have type 2 diabetes.
* Reproductive-aged women with type 2 diabetes have fewer years of education, have lower income, and are less likely to be employed than women without diabetes.
* Estimates of the overall prevalence of gestational diabetes in the United States range from at least 2.5% to 4% of pregnancies that result in singleton live births, with higher percentages among some ethnic groups and older women. Most gestational diabetes occurs in women with risk factors for type 2 diabetes; they are unable to secrete sufficient insulin to overcome the increased insulin resistance that normally results as pregnancy proceeds.
* Gestational diabetes usually ends after the baby is born, but women with gestational diabetes have a 20%-50% chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the 5-10 years after childbirth.
* Children whose mothers had diabetes during their pregnancies have a greater likelihood of becoming obese during childhood and adolescence and of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Middle Years (45-64 Years)

* Approximately 3.8 million women aged 45-64 years have diabetes.
* Diabetes is a leading cause of death among middle-aged American women.
* Coronary heart disease is an important cause of illness among middle-aged women with diabetes; rates are three to seven times higher among women 45-64 years old with diabetes than among those without diabetes.
* In 2000, at least one in four women aged 45-64 years with diabetes had a low level of formal education, and one in three lived in a low-income household. Women with diabetes were more likely than women without diabetes to have a low socioeconomic status regardless of race, ethnicity, or living arrangements (marital status, size of household, and employment status).

Older Years (65 Years and Older)

* About 4.0 million women aged 65 years and older have diabetes; one-quarter of them do not know they have the disease. Most elderly women with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
* Because women make up a greater proportion of the elderly population and women with diabetes live longer than their male counterparts, elderly women with diabetes outnumber elderly men with diabetes. Diabetes is one of the leading underlying causes of death among women aged 65 years and older.
* Being older and having diabetes accelerate the development of diabetic complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness. Elderly women with diabetes are at particularly high risk for coronary heart disease, visual problems, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, and depression.